Drawing on the work of peace theorist Johan Galtung, I will suggest in this talk that real peace in the Middle East can be achieved only by addressing what Galtung has identified as six dimensions of violence: (1) physical vs. non-physical violence, (2) negative vs. positive aspects of violence, (3) who/what is the object of violence, (4) who/what is the subject of violence, (5) intended vs. unintended violence, and (6) manifest vs. latent violence. However, I will also argue that Galtung's dimensions are not adequate to produce positive peace. The thesis herein, then, is modest: a necessary condition for positive peace in the Middle East is the recognition and respect of personal and group identities.
Boersema, David, "Positive Peace in the Middle East" (2011). All CAS Faculty Scholarship. Paper 52.