A theoretical and experimental investigation of the transmission of solid-core photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) filled with nonlinear absorbers shows a sharp change in the threshold for optical limiting and in leakage loss as the refractive index of the material in the holes approaches that of the glass matrix. Theoretical calculations of the mode profiles and leakage loss of the PCF are in agreement with experimental results and indicate that the change in limiting response is due to the interaction of the evanescent field of the guided mode with the nonlinear absorbers in the holes.
J.J. Butler, A.S. Bowcock*, S.R. Sueoka*, S.R. Montgomery, S.R. Flom, E.J. Friebele, B.M. Wright, J.R. Peele, R.G.S. Pong, J.S. Shirk, J. Hu, C.R. Menyuk, and T.E. Taunay, “Optical properties of solid-core photonic crystal fibers filled with nonlinear absorbers,” Optics Express, 21, 20707-20712 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.020707