An experimental investigation of the transmission of multimode capillary waveguides with a nonlinear absorber in the core shows an enhanced nonlinear absorption relative to the same length of bulk material. The results are consistent with partial mode filling within the cores of the waveguides. This study confirms the promising optical limiting capabilities of multimode nonlinear waveguides and implies that the mode structure should be considered in the design and evaluation of capillary array optical limiters.
J.J. Butler, J.J. Wathen*, S.R. Flom, R.G.S. Pong, and J.S. Shirk, “Optical Limiting Properties of Nonlinear Multimode Waveguides,” Optics Letters, 28, 1689-1691 (2003). http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.28.001689