Critically Appraised Topic
When comparing aging in place and aging in an independent long-term care setting in adults aged 50 years and older, what environmental factors facilitate the highest quality of life?
Clinical Bottom Line
The research studies provided a variety of perspectives from older adults, their caregivers, and health care personnel in which they are frequently in contact. A variety of environmental factors, as well as the attitudes, of the older adult can influence quality of life in adults over 50 years old. These environmental and client factors include attachment to place, age, mobility, dependence level, the quality of care they are receiving, interactions with staff and loved ones in their environment, and their perceptions of their well-being. Occupational therapists may be well positioned to advocate for high quality of life by encouraging the best match between the client and the environment. They also should encourage client-centered interactions and interventions among all disciplines and caregivers and in all environmental settings. They are also well positioned to do future research in home health, assisted living facilities, and skilled nursing facilities.
Hilleson, Katie, "Environmental Factors Influencing Quality of Life for Adults Aged 50 and Older" (2010). Geriatrics CATs. Paper 4.