Do older adults with physical disabilities benefit from occupational therapy interventions which support their spiritual orientation?
Clinical Bottom Line
Participants of this study demonstrated that there may be an intrinsic human need to perceive oneself as being of worth, as part of something greater than oneself, and as concurrently constant and continuous. A health model and clinical practice that incorporates interventions and treatments which supports the patient’s core sense of self and worth contributes to perceptions of health and wellbeing, improving coping skills and engagement in meaningful, purposeful occupations. Religious observance (instrumental activity of daily living – OTPF. p 631) and spirituality (client factor – OTPF. p 633) are both within the domain of occupational therapy (Occupational Therapy Practice Framework. AOTA, 2008). Limited evidence demonstrate that treatments that incorporate patient's religious observance routines, spirituality objects do not harm and are easy to implement. More ongoing research is needed to understand barriers to clinicians regarding this client factor and how effective is incorporation of spirituality client factors on health outcomes.
Wells, Karen, "There is limited evidence to support inclusion of spirituality in occupational therapy interventions in older adult populations with physical disabilities" (2009). Physical Function CATs. 18.