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Date of Award

2015

Degree Type

Dissertation (On-Campus Access Only)

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

Committee Chair

Genevieve Arnaut, Psy.D., Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Catherine Miller, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Paul Michael, Ph.D.

Abstract

Since the 1960s, the focus of close-custody facilities for youths has shifted from corrections and punishments to rehabilitation and treatment. Juvenile close-custody facilities need to be examined to ensure youths are being offered effective services in an environment that encourages growth and rehabilitation. In the present study, responses on a survey administered in 2012 and 2013 to male youths residing in one of Oregon Youth Authority’s close-custody facilities were examined to identify characteristics of unit climate that were associated with effective and ineffective units from the youths’ perspectives. Using a multilevel model approach, the best predictors of youths’ perceptions of growth and effectiveness were activity, structure, and support.

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