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Date of Award

2016

Degree Type

Dissertation (On-Campus Access Only)

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

Committee Chair

Lisa Christiansen, PsyD

Second Advisor

Ruth Zuniga, PhD

Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated both positive and negative outcomes of being a sexual assault advocate (e.g., fear, anger, resiliency). This study examined the impact of self-care, coping strategies, and self-efficacy beliefs on compassion satisfaction, secondary traumatic stress, and burnout among a national sample of sexual assault advocates (N=175). Results show satisfaction with self-care, style of coping, and self-efficacy regarding coping explained 33% of the variability in compassion satisfaction scores, R2 = .330, F (5, 169) = 16.63, p <.001. Additionally, satisfaction with self-care, style of coping, and self-efficacy regarding coping explained 43.5% of variability in burnout scores, R2 = .435, F (5, 169) = 26.05, p <.001. Finally, satisfaction with self-care, style of coping, and self-efficacy regarding coping explained 34.8% variability in secondary traumatic stress scores, R2 = .348, F (5, 169) = 18.01, p <.001. Sexual assault agencies should focus on quantity of self-care, engaged coping styles, and increasing self-efficacy beliefs to promote job satisfaction and potentially reduce turnover. Furthermore, engaging in highly satisfying quality of self-care and increasing self-efficacy beliefs will have the greatest impact on reducing secondary traumatic stress levels. Overall, engaging in highly satisfying quality and quantity of self-care, using engaged coping styles, and having the belief one can cope have the greatest impact on the short-term and long-term consequences of helping traumatized populations.

Available for download on Saturday, September 08, 2018

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