Date of Award
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
An extensive literature review was conducted in an effort to investigate, understand, explain, and offer potential answers and solutions as to the extent safety behaviors interfere with the outcome of using exposure therapy for Claustrophobia. This review explored existing literature about claustrophobia and safety behaviors within the context of exposure therapy and whether the “judicious use” of safety mechanisms diminish presumed deleterious effects of use of “artificial safety” during exposure and to what degree return of fear appears to be related to use of,- or availability of,- safety during exposure.
Davidson, Jill (2011). Claustrophobia, Judicious Use of Safety, and Return of Fear: A Literature Review (Doctoral dissertation, Pacific University). Retrieved from: