Off-campus Pacific University users: To download campus access theses and dissertations, please log into our proxy server with your PUNet ID and password.
Non-Pacific University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis or dissertation through interlibrary loan.
Theses or dissertations that have a specific embargo period indicated below will not be available to anyone until the date indicated.
Date of Award
Thesis (On-Campus Access Only)
Master of Science in Psychology
Genevieve L. Y. Arnaut, Psy.D., Ph.D.
The current study compared male and female participants of a co-educational boot camp program on attitude change measures. Participants were 106 males and 39 females from Oregon's "Success Using Motivation, Morale, Intensity, and Treatment," or SUMMIT, program located in Shutter Creek Correctional Facility in South Bend, Oregon. Pre- and post-treatment responses of male and female participants were compared on measures of attitudes towards substance use, antisocial attitudes, and experiential avoidance. Program participants completed the Action and Acceptance Questionnaire-Revised (AAQ-R), the Assertive Interactions Questionnaire (AIQ), and three subscales of the Drug Attitudes Scale (DAS) at program admission, at the program mid-point, and at program completion. It was hypothesized that significant differences between males and females in level of overall change would be found on all three measures, but no direction for the change was predicted. Exploration with independent sample t-tests revealed significant differences only on the AAQ-R (p < .001). Generally, the resuIts did not support the hypothesis that men and women experienced different levels of attitude change while participating in co-ed boot camp treatment. Further exploration of the data set gathered for female participants (n = 39) comparing first half of treatment to second half of treatment revealed that women show consistent levels of change in a prosocial direction throughout the entire boot camp period on the AAQ-R and on the AIQ, but show a significant decrease in attitude change on the DAS in the last three months of treatment. These findings may have implications for co-educational boot camp programming, but further research with a more comparable female to male sample size ratio is needed to determine whether failure to find differences between men and women was due to true lack of differences or a function of the attitude measures used.
Berdine, Ruby L. (2006). Gender and Treatment Effects of a Boot-Camp Program on lnmates' Attitudes Toward Substance Abuse (Master's thesis, Pacific University). Retrieved from: