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Date of Award

6-12-2007

Degree Type

Dissertation (On-Campus Access Only)

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

Committee Chair

Sydney E ,PhD

Second Advisor

Marilyn Huckans, PhD

Third Advisor

Michel Hersen, PhD. ABPP

Abstract

Previous research with healthy and chronically ill adults has found optimism, adaptive coping styles, and average cognitive functioning to be important in the prevention of depressive symptoms. However, few studies have investigated how these resilience factors affect depressive symptoms in a population infected with the Hepatitis C Virus. (HCV). Previous research with adult populations indicates that high levels of optimism, low levels of pessimism, adaptive coping styles, and average and above average cognitive functioning are associated with lower levels of depressive symptoms. This study examines the relationship between resilience factors and depressive symptoms in 44 male patients diagnosed with HCV. Results indicate that 38% of the variance in depressive symptoms is accounted for by lack of optimism, older age, and venting coping. Consistent with the literature, high levels of optimism and low levels of pessimism were associated with less depressive symptoms. Of the coping variables, only venting coping was found to be significantly related to increased depressive symptoms. Cognitive functioning was not related to resilience variables or depressive symptoms', with the exception that cognitive impairment was associated with more emotional support coping strategies. Implications for interventions and future research are discussed.

Comments

The digital version of this project is currently unavailable to off-campus users; however, it may be requested via interlibrary loan by eligible borrowers from Pacific University Library. Pacific University Library is a free lender. (Library Use: NL)

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