Date of Award
Master of Science in Psychology
Sydney Ey, Ph.D.
Postpartum depression is a prevalent experience associated with negative long-term outcomes. Biological risk factors have been identified, but few researchers have looked at psychological variables as possible risk or protective factors for postpartum depression. This cross-sectional study examined the relationships among 40 new mothers' optimism, self-esteem, coping efforts and postpartum depression as measured by the LOT-R (Scheier, Carver, & Bridges, 1994), Rosenberg's SES (Rosenberg, 1965), the Brief COPE (Carver, 1997), and the EPDS (Cox, Holden & Sagovsky, 1987), respectively. New mothers' self-esteem may be a possible protective factor as women with higher. selfesteem reported less postpartum depressive symptoms in the present study. Coping efforts that include self-blame, behavioral disengagement, and venting however, may be risk factors as they were moderately correlated with increased risk for postpartum depression. Implications for treatment, prevention and further research were discussed.
Morris, Amanda Parker (2006). What to Expect When You're Expecting the Best: The Roles of Optimism, Coping, and Self-Esteem in the Development of Postpartum Depression (Master's thesis, Pacific University). Retrieved from: