Date of Award

7-27-2007

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

Committee Chair

Jennifer R. Antick, PhD

Second Advisor

Michelle Guyton, PhD

Third Advisor

Michel Hersen, Phd, ABPP

Abstract

Migraine headaches affect a sizeable portion of the population. Treatments for migraine headaches can be costly and complicated to follow. Aerobic exercise can be designed to be simple and cost-effective. It is thought to be effective in the treatment of migraine headaches because it can improve both physiological and psychological functioning. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of aerobic exercise as a treatment for migraine headaches in order to determine: (1) the overall effectiveness of aerobic exercise in the treatment of migraine headaches; (2) how well aerobic exercise as a treatment maintains effectiveness at follow-up measures. Of the eight studies identified for inclusion in this meta-analysis, only six contained the necessary quantitative data for the calculation of effect sizes. Summary analysis revealed a negligible effect size. In three ofthe six studies included in this meta-analysis researchers reported follow-up data; information necessary for the calculation of effect sizes was only available in two of the studies. Summary analysis revealed a small effect size. Implications of results, limitations of the current study, and directions for future research are discussed.

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