Off-campus Pacific University users: To download campus access theses and dissertations, please log into our proxy server with your PUNet ID and password.

Non-Pacific University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis or dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Theses or dissertations that have a specific embargo period indicated below will not be available to anyone until the date indicated.

Date of Award

7-20-1997

Degree Type

Dissertation (On-Campus Access Only)

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

Committee Chair

Jay C. Thomas, PhD, ABPP

Second Advisor

Kathleen D. Rich, PhD

Abstract

This dissertation examined the relationship between self-conscious emotions and empathy with an adult child molester population. Four inventories were used in the study. Two inventories (Test of Self-Conscious Affect; Sex Offender Guilt and Shame Scale) measured self-conscious emotions, addressing general situations and sex offender specific situations respectively. The second two inventories (Interpersonal Reactivity Index; Child Molester Empathy Measure) addressed empathy issues, for both general situations and sex offender specific situations respectively. The Sex Offender Guilt and Shame Scale (SOGSS) was developed for this study. There were four primary areas of exploration. First, the reliability and validity of the SOGSS was investigated . . Second, self-conscious emotions (i.e. Shame, Guilt, Extemalization and Detachment/Unconcern) were investigated to determine if they correlated with sex offenders similarly as they did to general populations. Third, correlations between self-conscious emotions and empathy were investigated to see if they correlated similarly with sex offenders as with the general population. The primary hypothesis in this area was that shame would negatively and guilt positively correlate with empathy. Finally, a four-month retesting of a prison sample in treatment for sexual offenses was conducted to determine if there were differences between test administrations in terms of self-conscious emotions and empathy. Results generally supported the four areas of exploration, although not all hypotheses were confirmed. The SOGSS demonstrated strong reliability and provided solid initial validity information. Shame showed to be a generally poor indicator of empathy, while Guilt did somewhat better. Extemalization and Detachment actually showed to be stronger and more consistent indicators of Empathy. Finally, re-testing of the prison sample showed marked improvement in virtually all areas including decreased Shame, increased Guilt and an increase in Empathy.

Share

COinS