Title

Motivation and Successful Participation in a Physical Rehabilitation Program

Presenter Information

Sonia Lawson, Towson University

Start Time

29-10-2005 3:00 PM

End Time

29-10-2005 4:05 PM

Abstract

Successful participation in rehabilitation programs typically leads to successful participation in meaningful daily occupations upon return home. Several factors can influence the participation of patients in a rehabilitation program. One of these factors is motivation. We know that client-centered practice and collaborating on goal setting can positively influence motivation towards achieving rehab goals (Pollack, 1993.) Very little research as attempted to outline the patterns of motivation predominant in a physical rehabilitation setting that can affect participation towards successful outcomes. Literature from the fields of educational psychology and sport (Duda and Nicholls, 1992; Nicholls, 1989) provided the background knowledge of goal orientations (motivational patterns) for the study. Measures used include: a questionnaire created by the researcher based on the literature, demographic data, interview questions, and therapist reports. A sample of 237 patients was included in this mixed methods study. A factor analysis of the Goal Orientations in Physical Rehabilitation Questionnaire was used to identify that patients who where most successful in their rehabilitation were motivated 1) when working with other patients (cooperation orientation); 2) when they were working on their own personal goals (mastery orientation); and 3) when they could avoid doing something incorrectly by receiving positive feedback from their therapists (performance-avoid orientation). These findings uncover some of the motivational factors that can influence participation in rehabilitation programs and provide therapists with some direction for planning client intervention that positively influences participation.

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Oct 29th, 3:00 PM Oct 29th, 4:05 PM

Motivation and Successful Participation in a Physical Rehabilitation Program

Successful participation in rehabilitation programs typically leads to successful participation in meaningful daily occupations upon return home. Several factors can influence the participation of patients in a rehabilitation program. One of these factors is motivation. We know that client-centered practice and collaborating on goal setting can positively influence motivation towards achieving rehab goals (Pollack, 1993.) Very little research as attempted to outline the patterns of motivation predominant in a physical rehabilitation setting that can affect participation towards successful outcomes. Literature from the fields of educational psychology and sport (Duda and Nicholls, 1992; Nicholls, 1989) provided the background knowledge of goal orientations (motivational patterns) for the study. Measures used include: a questionnaire created by the researcher based on the literature, demographic data, interview questions, and therapist reports. A sample of 237 patients was included in this mixed methods study. A factor analysis of the Goal Orientations in Physical Rehabilitation Questionnaire was used to identify that patients who where most successful in their rehabilitation were motivated 1) when working with other patients (cooperation orientation); 2) when they were working on their own personal goals (mastery orientation); and 3) when they could avoid doing something incorrectly by receiving positive feedback from their therapists (performance-avoid orientation). These findings uncover some of the motivational factors that can influence participation in rehabilitation programs and provide therapists with some direction for planning client intervention that positively influences participation.