Title

Occupationa as Described by Novice Occupational Therapy Students in Sweden - A Theory Generative Process Grounded in Empirical Data

Start Time

29-10-2005 1:00 PM

End Time

29-10-2005 2:40 PM

Abstract

The core assumption in occupational therapy is that occupation enhances health. This study is the first in a series of studies carried out in Sweden, with the overall aim to develop a theory, based on empirical grounds, concerning the dimensions of occupation which may be useful in occupational therapy. The specific aim for this study is to examine the dimensions of occupation as generally understood among persons with no connection to occupational therapy and/or health care in a Swedish population. Grounded Theory was the chosen method. Three data-sources were used: a semantic approach of two Swedish words for occupation, 50 narrative stories about perceptions of occupation and two interviews. A core category “The content of occupation” emerged from the analysis. This includes five categories: (1) The doing and context of occupation; (2) Motive for occupation; (3) Time and place for occupation; (4) Type of participation and, (5) Outcome of occupation. Relationships between the categories were established between the motive for occupation and outcome of occupation, which constitute a kind of prerequisite for occupation. The three remaining categories: the doing and context of occupation, time and place for occupation and type of participation established a form for occupation.

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Oct 29th, 1:00 PM Oct 29th, 2:40 PM

Occupationa as Described by Novice Occupational Therapy Students in Sweden - A Theory Generative Process Grounded in Empirical Data

The core assumption in occupational therapy is that occupation enhances health. This study is the first in a series of studies carried out in Sweden, with the overall aim to develop a theory, based on empirical grounds, concerning the dimensions of occupation which may be useful in occupational therapy. The specific aim for this study is to examine the dimensions of occupation as generally understood among persons with no connection to occupational therapy and/or health care in a Swedish population. Grounded Theory was the chosen method. Three data-sources were used: a semantic approach of two Swedish words for occupation, 50 narrative stories about perceptions of occupation and two interviews. A core category “The content of occupation” emerged from the analysis. This includes five categories: (1) The doing and context of occupation; (2) Motive for occupation; (3) Time and place for occupation; (4) Type of participation and, (5) Outcome of occupation. Relationships between the categories were established between the motive for occupation and outcome of occupation, which constitute a kind of prerequisite for occupation. The three remaining categories: the doing and context of occupation, time and place for occupation and type of participation established a form for occupation.