Title

The relation between the construct of occupation and the construct of activity

Presenter Information

Dominique Van de Velde

Start Time

26-10-2007 11:45 AM

End Time

26-10-2007 1:45 PM

Abstract

Activity and occupation are two core concepts of occupational therapy that are in need of differentiation. Although some authors have tried to untangle these two core concepts, the distinction between the two is not yet delineated. Lack of differentiation between the two has a chilling effect on disciplinary discourse, impedes research and reduces practitioners‚ effectiveness. By untangling them into two distinct and valuable concepts and create opportunities to relate the two concepts to each other, it is possible to invigorate the profession of occupational therapy and it will enhance the power of our interventions. Most of the definitions for Occupation‚ are build around the word activity. When defining occupation‚ the word Activity‚ is frequently used to explain occupation. On the other hand, in the most taxonomies and models occupation or activity is used as core concept, not both of them. In this presentation the two concepts will be related to each other and put together in one overarching taxonomy based on the literature and scientific research; the person-activity-environment-occupation model, which is in line with the historical origins as well as with current definitional trends and the bio-psycho-social paradigm. This way of reasoning will be discussed in relation to contemporary discourses on the topic and might help scholars to shed a new light on the concept of occupation.

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Oct 26th, 11:45 AM Oct 26th, 1:45 PM

The relation between the construct of occupation and the construct of activity

Activity and occupation are two core concepts of occupational therapy that are in need of differentiation. Although some authors have tried to untangle these two core concepts, the distinction between the two is not yet delineated. Lack of differentiation between the two has a chilling effect on disciplinary discourse, impedes research and reduces practitioners‚ effectiveness. By untangling them into two distinct and valuable concepts and create opportunities to relate the two concepts to each other, it is possible to invigorate the profession of occupational therapy and it will enhance the power of our interventions. Most of the definitions for Occupation‚ are build around the word activity. When defining occupation‚ the word Activity‚ is frequently used to explain occupation. On the other hand, in the most taxonomies and models occupation or activity is used as core concept, not both of them. In this presentation the two concepts will be related to each other and put together in one overarching taxonomy based on the literature and scientific research; the person-activity-environment-occupation model, which is in line with the historical origins as well as with current definitional trends and the bio-psycho-social paradigm. This way of reasoning will be discussed in relation to contemporary discourses on the topic and might help scholars to shed a new light on the concept of occupation.