Title

Occupational balance in different populations and an evaluation of the psychometric properties of a newly developed instrument

Location

Soo Line

Start Time

18-10-2014 1:10 PM

End Time

18-10-2014 1:40 PM

Session Type

Research Paper

Abstract

Occupational balance is an important concept in occupational science. It has, however, been criticized for being defined and operationalized in different ways and, therefore, difficult to measure. The new instrument Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) may contribute to address this. The OBQ is in line with the definition that occupational balance is the individual’s experience of having the right amount and variation of occupations. It also builds on empirical research in a general as well as a population sharing a health condition.

The OBQ focuses on the individual’s perception of amount and variation of occupations but not on the actual time spent in different occupations. By doing so the intention is to overcome the problem of preferring different time use or occupations in different contexts, making it potentially useful globally. The OBQ has shown good content validity and sufficient psychometric properties regarding internal consistency and test-retest reliability in a general Swedish population. However, it needs to be further evaluated in various populations.

The aim of this study is to describe occupational balance, measured with the OBQ, in several populations; people sharing a health condition, e.g. rheumatoid arthritis and anxiety/depression and people sharing the same profession or work place. Furthermore the aim is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the OBQ in these populations.

This is a currently occurring study. Most of the data has been collected but the analyses have not yet been conducted. The results from these analyses are expected to provide broader knowledge about occupational balance as well as about the psychometric properties regarding the OBQ, because previous solely general populations have been researched using it. The knowledge gained would be valuable for occupational science by a useful operationalization of this important concept. If the OBQ has good psychometric properties also in these populations, further validation in other countries and cultures would be a useful next step in the instrument development.

Keywords; instrument development, psychometric properties, the Occupational Balance Questionnaire

References

Christiansen, C. (1996). Three perspectives on balance in occupation. In R. Zemke & F. Clark (Eds.), Occupational science: The evolving discipline. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.

Håkansson, C., Dahlin-Ivanoff, S., & Sonn, U. (2006). Achieving balance in everyday life. Journal of Occupational Science, 13(1), 74-82.

Wagman, P., Björklund, A., Håkansson, C., Jacobsson, C., & Falkmer, T. (2011). Perceptions of life balance among a working population in Sweden. Qualitative Health Research 21(3), 410-418.

Wagman, P., & Håkansson, C. (2013). Introducing the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) and its Psychometric Properties Unpublished manuscript.

Wagman, P., Håkansson, C., & Björklund, A. (2012). Occupational balance as used in occupational therapy: A concept analysis Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 19(4), 322-327. doi: 10.3109/11038128.2011.596219

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 
Oct 18th, 1:10 PM Oct 18th, 1:40 PM

Occupational balance in different populations and an evaluation of the psychometric properties of a newly developed instrument

Soo Line

Occupational balance is an important concept in occupational science. It has, however, been criticized for being defined and operationalized in different ways and, therefore, difficult to measure. The new instrument Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) may contribute to address this. The OBQ is in line with the definition that occupational balance is the individual’s experience of having the right amount and variation of occupations. It also builds on empirical research in a general as well as a population sharing a health condition.

The OBQ focuses on the individual’s perception of amount and variation of occupations but not on the actual time spent in different occupations. By doing so the intention is to overcome the problem of preferring different time use or occupations in different contexts, making it potentially useful globally. The OBQ has shown good content validity and sufficient psychometric properties regarding internal consistency and test-retest reliability in a general Swedish population. However, it needs to be further evaluated in various populations.

The aim of this study is to describe occupational balance, measured with the OBQ, in several populations; people sharing a health condition, e.g. rheumatoid arthritis and anxiety/depression and people sharing the same profession or work place. Furthermore the aim is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the OBQ in these populations.

This is a currently occurring study. Most of the data has been collected but the analyses have not yet been conducted. The results from these analyses are expected to provide broader knowledge about occupational balance as well as about the psychometric properties regarding the OBQ, because previous solely general populations have been researched using it. The knowledge gained would be valuable for occupational science by a useful operationalization of this important concept. If the OBQ has good psychometric properties also in these populations, further validation in other countries and cultures would be a useful next step in the instrument development.

Keywords; instrument development, psychometric properties, the Occupational Balance Questionnaire