Title

Panel Presentation - Occupational balance – definition and state of the art

Location

Hiawatha 3

Start Time

17-10-2014 4:55 PM

End Time

17-10-2014 6:00 PM

Session Type

Panel

Abstract

Occupational balance has been an important concept within the discipline of occupational science. Historically it was one of the first formulated assumptions regarding occupation and health; for example, it was posited that participating in different types of occupation was essential to health. However assumptions are far from solid theoretical constructs that are confirmed in empirical studies. Questions on how balance is defined from an occupational perspective are likely to result in vague answers. However, the good news is that this is about to change. The past decade has offered a growing number of international empirical and theoretical studies that developed our knowledge of balance as a central concept in the discipline. In this seminar we will give a historical summary and examples from our own extensive research that reflect different but complementary emerging occupational perspectives on balance. Aspects of balance that will be covered in this international panel are:

- Historical background,

- Perceptions of occupational balance in different populations,

- Experiences of balance in relationship to challenges and skills,

- Occupational balance and health,

- International perspectives on the concept of occupational balance,

- A life balance model and measurement of balance,

- A proposed definition of occupational balance developed from a concept analysis.

The introducing presentations will illustrate the “state of the art” as a point of departure for discussion (30 minutes). The panel will then encourage a free dialogue in small groups (20 minutes) and summarised in a plenary session (10 minutes) on what it means to have an occupational perspective of balance and what aspects of balance occupational science might focus on and develop in the future. Implications for research will be emphasized. The panel session directly addresses the conference theme of globalization and partnerships by demonstrating meaningful, international connections toward advancing the theoretical construct of balance and empirical evidence for the relationship between occupational balance and health.

Key words: Nature of human occupation, Occupational balance, Theory and philosophy

References

Backman, C. L. (2004). Occupational balance: Exploring the relationships among daily occupations and their influence on well-being. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. , 71, 202-209.

Håkansson, C., Björkelund, C., & Eklund, M. (2011). Associations between women’s subjective perceptions of daily occupations and life satisfaction, and the role of perceived control. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 58, 397-404 doi: 0.1111/j.1440-1630.2011.00976.

Jonsson, H., & Persson, D. (2006). Towards an experiential model of occupational balance: An alternative perspective on flow theory analysis. Journal of Occupational Science, 13(1), 62-73.

Matuska, K. (2012). Validity evidence for a model and measure of life balance. Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, 32, 1, 229-237.

Wagman, P., Håkansson, C., & Björklund, A. (2012). Occupational balance as used in occupational therapy: A concept analysis Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 19(4), 322-327. doi: 10.3109/11038128.2011.596219.

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Oct 17th, 4:55 PM Oct 17th, 6:00 PM

Panel Presentation - Occupational balance – definition and state of the art

Hiawatha 3

Occupational balance has been an important concept within the discipline of occupational science. Historically it was one of the first formulated assumptions regarding occupation and health; for example, it was posited that participating in different types of occupation was essential to health. However assumptions are far from solid theoretical constructs that are confirmed in empirical studies. Questions on how balance is defined from an occupational perspective are likely to result in vague answers. However, the good news is that this is about to change. The past decade has offered a growing number of international empirical and theoretical studies that developed our knowledge of balance as a central concept in the discipline. In this seminar we will give a historical summary and examples from our own extensive research that reflect different but complementary emerging occupational perspectives on balance. Aspects of balance that will be covered in this international panel are:

- Historical background,

- Perceptions of occupational balance in different populations,

- Experiences of balance in relationship to challenges and skills,

- Occupational balance and health,

- International perspectives on the concept of occupational balance,

- A life balance model and measurement of balance,

- A proposed definition of occupational balance developed from a concept analysis.

The introducing presentations will illustrate the “state of the art” as a point of departure for discussion (30 minutes). The panel will then encourage a free dialogue in small groups (20 minutes) and summarised in a plenary session (10 minutes) on what it means to have an occupational perspective of balance and what aspects of balance occupational science might focus on and develop in the future. Implications for research will be emphasized. The panel session directly addresses the conference theme of globalization and partnerships by demonstrating meaningful, international connections toward advancing the theoretical construct of balance and empirical evidence for the relationship between occupational balance and health.

Key words: Nature of human occupation, Occupational balance, Theory and philosophy