Title

Poster Session - Exploring the effects of dance as a therapeutic media to assess attunement in co-occupation between primary caregiver and infant

Location

New River Rooms A & B

Start Time

2-10-2015 8:00 PM

End Time

2-10-2015 9:00 PM

Abstract

Objectives: Upon completion of this session, participants will be able to

  • Discuss experiences of caregivers and infants who participate in an inter-professional dance/movement intervention.
  • Describe how dance/movement affected co-occupation among caregiver and infant interaction and how caregivers believed this intervention affected performance within co-occupations.

Purpose: Dance has been used as a metaphor (Larson, 2000) in co-occupation literature. Matherly, 2013, and other dance literature suggests that dance has psychological benefits. Little research has been conducted to explore the effects of dance on the caregiver-infant co-occupation and attunement. Our study seeks to explore whether dance has an effect on co-occupations within these dyads. This could be utilized as a useful tool in the future when providing care for families.

Method:

Participants:will include dyads consisting of primary caregivers, ages 18 years and older, and their infants, ages 2 weeks to 12 months. Dyads where the child is a toddler and pre-walker will also be included. Participants must be able to speak and understand English in order to benefit from the group. Purposive and convenience sampling techniques will be used to recruit participants. Participants will be recruited through word of mouth and community fliers. Snowballing sampling will also be used because some participants may suggest other potential participants.

Data: will be collected using the PICCOLO and modified COPM. The PICCOLO is a strength-based assessment designed to increase parent understanding and knowledge of infant development. It is used to observe and quantify a caretaker’s ability to interact and support his/her infant in the following domains: affection, responsiveness, encouragement, and teaching. A modified COPM will be used as a guide to interview primary caregivers of their satisfaction, wants, and needs of daily routines with his/her infant. These themes will shape the dance/movement intervention. The researchers will take field notes during the interviews and groups to capture unfolding co-occupations and to triangulate the data.

Design & Procedures

A mixed methods approach is used. A quantitative design allows us to quantify the impact of the intervention on attunement as described in the PICCOLO assessment. A Pre-test/Post-test design will be used. A qualitative phenomenological design will most accurately help researchers describe the phenomenon of caregiver-infant interaction.

Analysis: Field notes will be analyzed through the constant comparative method to extrapolate emerging themes. Pre-test and post-test PICCOLO scores will be statistically analyzed (SPSS) to compare findings.

Results: This is a research work in progress. Data will be collected May 15-June 12, 2015

Discussion: Although no results have been determined yet, we are hopeful that this intervention will provide insight into enhancing co-occupation between caregivers and infants concerning dance as a therapeutic medium. We hope that this insight will lead to more evidence-based practice for occupational therapy practitioners in EI with families.

Key Words: Co-occupation, dance, attunement

References

Larson, E. (2000). The orchestration of occupation: The dance of mothers. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 54, 269-280. doi: 10.5014/ajot.54.3.269

Matherly, N. (2013). Navigating the dance of touch: An exploration into the use of touch in dance/movement therapy. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 36, 77-91. doi: 10.1007/s10465-013-9161-2

Pickens, N., D., & Pizur-Barnekov, K. (2009). Co-occupation: Extending the dialogue. Journal of Occupational Science, 16, 151-156. doi: 10.1080/14427591.2009.9686656

Pierce, D. (2009). Co-occupation: The challenges of defining concepts original to occupational science. Journal of Occupational Science, 16(3), 203-207.

Zemke, R., & Clark, F. (1996). Occupational science: An evolving discipline. Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis.

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Oct 2nd, 8:00 PM Oct 2nd, 9:00 PM

Poster Session - Exploring the effects of dance as a therapeutic media to assess attunement in co-occupation between primary caregiver and infant

New River Rooms A & B

Objectives: Upon completion of this session, participants will be able to

  • Discuss experiences of caregivers and infants who participate in an inter-professional dance/movement intervention.
  • Describe how dance/movement affected co-occupation among caregiver and infant interaction and how caregivers believed this intervention affected performance within co-occupations.

Purpose: Dance has been used as a metaphor (Larson, 2000) in co-occupation literature. Matherly, 2013, and other dance literature suggests that dance has psychological benefits. Little research has been conducted to explore the effects of dance on the caregiver-infant co-occupation and attunement. Our study seeks to explore whether dance has an effect on co-occupations within these dyads. This could be utilized as a useful tool in the future when providing care for families.

Method:

Participants:will include dyads consisting of primary caregivers, ages 18 years and older, and their infants, ages 2 weeks to 12 months. Dyads where the child is a toddler and pre-walker will also be included. Participants must be able to speak and understand English in order to benefit from the group. Purposive and convenience sampling techniques will be used to recruit participants. Participants will be recruited through word of mouth and community fliers. Snowballing sampling will also be used because some participants may suggest other potential participants.

Data: will be collected using the PICCOLO and modified COPM. The PICCOLO is a strength-based assessment designed to increase parent understanding and knowledge of infant development. It is used to observe and quantify a caretaker’s ability to interact and support his/her infant in the following domains: affection, responsiveness, encouragement, and teaching. A modified COPM will be used as a guide to interview primary caregivers of their satisfaction, wants, and needs of daily routines with his/her infant. These themes will shape the dance/movement intervention. The researchers will take field notes during the interviews and groups to capture unfolding co-occupations and to triangulate the data.

Design & Procedures

A mixed methods approach is used. A quantitative design allows us to quantify the impact of the intervention on attunement as described in the PICCOLO assessment. A Pre-test/Post-test design will be used. A qualitative phenomenological design will most accurately help researchers describe the phenomenon of caregiver-infant interaction.

Analysis: Field notes will be analyzed through the constant comparative method to extrapolate emerging themes. Pre-test and post-test PICCOLO scores will be statistically analyzed (SPSS) to compare findings.

Results: This is a research work in progress. Data will be collected May 15-June 12, 2015

Discussion: Although no results have been determined yet, we are hopeful that this intervention will provide insight into enhancing co-occupation between caregivers and infants concerning dance as a therapeutic medium. We hope that this insight will lead to more evidence-based practice for occupational therapy practitioners in EI with families.

Key Words: Co-occupation, dance, attunement