Title

Is the transactional perspective useful to occupational science? What next?

Location

Merritt Room

Start Time

3-10-2015 10:15 AM

End Time

3-10-2015 11:45 AM

Session Type

Forum

Abstract

Rationale: Philosophy, theory, and research are closely connected in a mutually constitutive relationship. Theories (formal and informal) offer frameworks of understanding through which research is conducted. Theories inform what research questions can be posed, what data are to be collected, and how analyses should be conducted. On the other hand, research drives theory development by providing empirical data that generate, challenge, and/or confirm theoretical constructs. The tight relationship joining theory and research suggests that theories are “living” constructs that must be continuously modified through research. Taking this as our starting point, we will begin a critical dialogue on the relationship of the transactional perspective and research in occupational science.

The purpose of this forum is to examine what the transactional perspective has contributed to occupational science research, identify areas where the theory needs development, and consider how research has or has not contributed to the development and refinement of the perspective. We will also review the challenges and benefits to applying the transactional perspective in research and other forms of scholarship. To begin the discussion, we will explore and critique the concept of transaction as it has been used in several published studies. Our aim is to foster a scholarly dialogue that welcomes other theoretical perspectives and will contribute to theory development within occupational science.

Aims: 1) Promote a critical examination of the relationship of theory and research using the transactional perspective.

2) Elicit participant reflections on applying the transactional perspective in research and other forms of scholarship.

3) Explore ways to encourage theory development in occupational science.

Outcomes:

1) Participants will expand their understanding of the transactional perspective’s philosophical underpinnings as it relates to research.

2) Participants will discuss the utility and challenges of employing a transactional perspective in research.

3) Participants will identify areas in which the transactional perspective can be further developed.

References

Cutchin, M. P., & Dickie, V. A. (Eds.). (2012). Transactional perspectives on occupation. New York, NY: Springer.

Dickie, V., Cutchin, M. P., & Humphry, R. (2006). Occupation as transactional experience: A critique of individualism in occupational science. Journal of Occupational Science, 13, 83-93.

Kantartzis & Molineux (2014). Occupation to maintain the family as ideology and practice in a Greek town. Journal of Occupational Science, 21, 277-295.

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Oct 3rd, 10:15 AM Oct 3rd, 11:45 AM

Is the transactional perspective useful to occupational science? What next?

Merritt Room

Rationale: Philosophy, theory, and research are closely connected in a mutually constitutive relationship. Theories (formal and informal) offer frameworks of understanding through which research is conducted. Theories inform what research questions can be posed, what data are to be collected, and how analyses should be conducted. On the other hand, research drives theory development by providing empirical data that generate, challenge, and/or confirm theoretical constructs. The tight relationship joining theory and research suggests that theories are “living” constructs that must be continuously modified through research. Taking this as our starting point, we will begin a critical dialogue on the relationship of the transactional perspective and research in occupational science.

The purpose of this forum is to examine what the transactional perspective has contributed to occupational science research, identify areas where the theory needs development, and consider how research has or has not contributed to the development and refinement of the perspective. We will also review the challenges and benefits to applying the transactional perspective in research and other forms of scholarship. To begin the discussion, we will explore and critique the concept of transaction as it has been used in several published studies. Our aim is to foster a scholarly dialogue that welcomes other theoretical perspectives and will contribute to theory development within occupational science.

Aims: 1) Promote a critical examination of the relationship of theory and research using the transactional perspective.

2) Elicit participant reflections on applying the transactional perspective in research and other forms of scholarship.

3) Explore ways to encourage theory development in occupational science.

Outcomes:

1) Participants will expand their understanding of the transactional perspective’s philosophical underpinnings as it relates to research.

2) Participants will discuss the utility and challenges of employing a transactional perspective in research.

3) Participants will identify areas in which the transactional perspective can be further developed.