Title

Personal Influences on Meyer's Article "Philosophy of Occupation Therapy

Presenter Information

Kathlyn L. ReedFollow

Location

Armory Room

Start Time

1-10-2016 10:30 AM

End Time

1-10-2016 12:00 PM

Session Type

Theoretical Paper

Abstract

Intent: Identify and briefly discuss the possible influences on Dr. Meyer's thinking of the 21 named individuals in Meyer's article Philosophy of Occupation Therapy. Provide a possible reference list.

Argument: Dr. Meyer wrote one of the most cited articles in the occupational science and occupational therapy literature: Philosophy of Occupation Therapy, published as the lead article in the first issue of the newly minted journal entitled Archive of Occupational Therapy in 1922. Yet, if his manuscript were submitted for publication today it would be quickly returned with suggestions for revision. Among the suggestions would be creation of a reference list to property credit at least some of the 21 people cited in the text, often with little or no explanation of who they were or how they fit into Dr. Meyer's philosophical statement. What influence did they have on his thinking that made them worthy of citation? This presentation first identifies by full name the seven occupation workers/therapists, six physicians, four social workers, and four professors/educators cited by Meyer. Second, the possible influence each person may have had on Meyer's thinking is presented divided into two groups: those he observed using occupation as therapy such as Davenport (1918) and those who presented philosophical ideas about human behavior and occupation in daily life such as Hall (1910). Finally, a possible reference list is compiled and presented to complement Meyer's article.

Importance to occupational science: All science is based on a set of philosophical principles that guide the study and development of the discipline. The principles may be based on ideas presented by the people publishing or speaking at the time the initial ideas were expressed. Understanding the thinking occurring in the early 20th century can increase our knowledge of the founding principles of using occupation as a therapeutic medium and how to better study its effects on human behavior. Meyer is one of thinkers often cited in occupational science and occupational therapy literature yet his article provides few clues as to what and who influenced his thinking about the value of occupation as a therapeutic medium. By identifying the people he cites and compiling a possible reference list, a better understanding of Meyer's ideas and philosophy may be obtained to guide our understanding and research today.

Conclusions: Meyer's article may be more fully understood by identifying the people mentioned in the text and their possible influence via cited references on Meyer's thinking as he prepared his presentation for the 1921 annual meeting of the National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy which was then published in 1922.

Questions:for discussion

1. If Meyer were presenting his lecture today what if anything might he add or substract?

2. What themes (ideas, concepts) based on Meyer's article might be used to develop a line of research today?

3. Is time-binding a useful concept in occupational science?

References

Davenport, I.M. (1918). Garden work for women in public institutions. Illinois Medical Journal, 33, 32-36.

Hall, H.J. (1910). The work cure. Journal of the American Medical Association, 54, 12-13

Meyer, A. (1922). Philosophy of occupation therapy. Archives of Occupational Therapy, 1(1), 1-10

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Oct 1st, 10:30 AM Oct 1st, 12:00 PM

Personal Influences on Meyer's Article "Philosophy of Occupation Therapy

Armory Room

Intent: Identify and briefly discuss the possible influences on Dr. Meyer's thinking of the 21 named individuals in Meyer's article Philosophy of Occupation Therapy. Provide a possible reference list.

Argument: Dr. Meyer wrote one of the most cited articles in the occupational science and occupational therapy literature: Philosophy of Occupation Therapy, published as the lead article in the first issue of the newly minted journal entitled Archive of Occupational Therapy in 1922. Yet, if his manuscript were submitted for publication today it would be quickly returned with suggestions for revision. Among the suggestions would be creation of a reference list to property credit at least some of the 21 people cited in the text, often with little or no explanation of who they were or how they fit into Dr. Meyer's philosophical statement. What influence did they have on his thinking that made them worthy of citation? This presentation first identifies by full name the seven occupation workers/therapists, six physicians, four social workers, and four professors/educators cited by Meyer. Second, the possible influence each person may have had on Meyer's thinking is presented divided into two groups: those he observed using occupation as therapy such as Davenport (1918) and those who presented philosophical ideas about human behavior and occupation in daily life such as Hall (1910). Finally, a possible reference list is compiled and presented to complement Meyer's article.

Importance to occupational science: All science is based on a set of philosophical principles that guide the study and development of the discipline. The principles may be based on ideas presented by the people publishing or speaking at the time the initial ideas were expressed. Understanding the thinking occurring in the early 20th century can increase our knowledge of the founding principles of using occupation as a therapeutic medium and how to better study its effects on human behavior. Meyer is one of thinkers often cited in occupational science and occupational therapy literature yet his article provides few clues as to what and who influenced his thinking about the value of occupation as a therapeutic medium. By identifying the people he cites and compiling a possible reference list, a better understanding of Meyer's ideas and philosophy may be obtained to guide our understanding and research today.

Conclusions: Meyer's article may be more fully understood by identifying the people mentioned in the text and their possible influence via cited references on Meyer's thinking as he prepared his presentation for the 1921 annual meeting of the National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy which was then published in 1922.

Questions:for discussion

1. If Meyer were presenting his lecture today what if anything might he add or substract?

2. What themes (ideas, concepts) based on Meyer's article might be used to develop a line of research today?

3. Is time-binding a useful concept in occupational science?