Title

Gay Men’s Experience of Same-Sex Marriage and its Relation to Well-Being: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis

1

Location

Pre-function area and Great Room 1B

Start Time

19-10-2017 7:00 PM

End Time

19-10-2017 9:00 PM

Session Type

Poster

Abstract

Gay Men’s Experience of Same-Sex Marriage and its Relation to Well-Being: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis

Same-sex marriage is a recent and growing phenomenon. The study of this phenomenon provides an opportunity to explore the essence of marriage in relation to occupations. Similar to mothering occupations (Olson & Esdaile, 2000), fathering occupations (Bonsall, 2013), and family occupations (Humphry & Corcoran, 2004), occupations associated with same-sex marriage must be explored to illuminate this new societal phenomenon.

Occupational scientists are interested in occupations and their dynamic relationship with occupational concepts such as engagement, identity, occupational justice, and well-being. Also, occupational scientists are concerned with social norms (Kiepek, Phelan, & Magalhaes, 2014), political policies, and their impact on the occupational engagement of individuals, groups, and populations. The LGBT community, and same-sex marriage specifically, has garnered little attention from researchers, including occupational scientists; as such, it is imperative that occupational scientists illuminate this recent phenomenon to understand the experience of same-sex marriage and its relation to occupation and well-being.

Methodology

This study will explore the lived experiences of three gay men, who have participated in the phenomenon of same-sex marriage. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) is the primary methodology that will be used for this study. IPA combines various phenomenological elements, such as phenomenology, hermeneutics, and idiography, to understand how research participants perceive a particular life experience. To achieve this goal, the researcher will conduct two 90 -120 minute interviews with each participant, followed by a third 30-45 minute interview. The third interview will be conducted after the researcher has completed preliminary data analysis to validate analytic categories and interpretations. The researcher will utilize in-depth, semi-structured, one-to-one interviews for data collection. All interviews will be audio-taped, and the content will be transcribed verbatim to validate the data collection and analysis process. The researcher will utilize Smith, Flowers, and Larkin’s (2012) analytic stages to complete data analysis for this dissertation study. IPA stages of analysis include reading and initial noting, the discovery of emergent themes, searching for connections across emergent themes, moving to the next case, and considering patterns across cases. An audit trail, triangulation, member checking, and peer review during analysis will be used to establish trustworthiness.

Implications to Occupational Science

Studying the relationship between occupations, occupational concepts, and occupational beings is the goal of occupational science. Understanding same-sex marriage from an occupational perspective will allow scientists to gain new knowledge regarding how gay men experience same-sex marriage, and how this experience influences well-being.

Keywords: Occupation, same-sex marriage, well-being

Poster presentation

Discussion questions:

  • How has the legalization of same-sex marriage influenced same-sex relationships?
  • What occupational science threshold concepts emerge from gay men’s description of same-sex marriage?
  • How do intersectional identities influence gay men’s experience of same-sex marriage?
  • How do occupational justice mechanisms, such as discrimination, microaggression, and stigma, influence the gay men’s experience of same-sex marriage?
  • How do gay men perceive that marriage has influenced their well-being?

References

Bonsall, A. (2013). Fathering occupations: An analysis of narrative accounts of fathering children with special needs. Journal of Occupational Science, 21(4), 504-518. doi: 10.1080/14427591.2012.760423

Humphry, R., & Corcoran, M. (2004). Exploring the role of family in occupation and family occupations. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 58(5), 487-488. doi:10.5014/ajot.58.5.487

Kiepek, N., Phelan, S. K., & Magalhaes, L. (2014). Introducing a critical analysis of the figured world of occupation. Journal of Occupational Science, 21(4), 1-15. doi: 10.1080/14427591.2013.816998

Olson, J., & Esdaile, S. (2000). Mothering young children with disabilities in a challenging urban environment. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 54(3), 307-314. Retrieved from http://ajot.aota.org/article.aspx?articleid=1868871

Smith, J. A., Flowers, P., & Larkin, M. (2012). Interpretative phenomenological analysis: Theory, method, and research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

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Oct 19th, 7:00 PM Oct 19th, 9:00 PM

Gay Men’s Experience of Same-Sex Marriage and its Relation to Well-Being: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis

Pre-function area and Great Room 1B

Gay Men’s Experience of Same-Sex Marriage and its Relation to Well-Being: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis

Same-sex marriage is a recent and growing phenomenon. The study of this phenomenon provides an opportunity to explore the essence of marriage in relation to occupations. Similar to mothering occupations (Olson & Esdaile, 2000), fathering occupations (Bonsall, 2013), and family occupations (Humphry & Corcoran, 2004), occupations associated with same-sex marriage must be explored to illuminate this new societal phenomenon.

Occupational scientists are interested in occupations and their dynamic relationship with occupational concepts such as engagement, identity, occupational justice, and well-being. Also, occupational scientists are concerned with social norms (Kiepek, Phelan, & Magalhaes, 2014), political policies, and their impact on the occupational engagement of individuals, groups, and populations. The LGBT community, and same-sex marriage specifically, has garnered little attention from researchers, including occupational scientists; as such, it is imperative that occupational scientists illuminate this recent phenomenon to understand the experience of same-sex marriage and its relation to occupation and well-being.

Methodology

This study will explore the lived experiences of three gay men, who have participated in the phenomenon of same-sex marriage. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) is the primary methodology that will be used for this study. IPA combines various phenomenological elements, such as phenomenology, hermeneutics, and idiography, to understand how research participants perceive a particular life experience. To achieve this goal, the researcher will conduct two 90 -120 minute interviews with each participant, followed by a third 30-45 minute interview. The third interview will be conducted after the researcher has completed preliminary data analysis to validate analytic categories and interpretations. The researcher will utilize in-depth, semi-structured, one-to-one interviews for data collection. All interviews will be audio-taped, and the content will be transcribed verbatim to validate the data collection and analysis process. The researcher will utilize Smith, Flowers, and Larkin’s (2012) analytic stages to complete data analysis for this dissertation study. IPA stages of analysis include reading and initial noting, the discovery of emergent themes, searching for connections across emergent themes, moving to the next case, and considering patterns across cases. An audit trail, triangulation, member checking, and peer review during analysis will be used to establish trustworthiness.

Implications to Occupational Science

Studying the relationship between occupations, occupational concepts, and occupational beings is the goal of occupational science. Understanding same-sex marriage from an occupational perspective will allow scientists to gain new knowledge regarding how gay men experience same-sex marriage, and how this experience influences well-being.

Keywords: Occupation, same-sex marriage, well-being

Poster presentation

Discussion questions:

  • How has the legalization of same-sex marriage influenced same-sex relationships?
  • What occupational science threshold concepts emerge from gay men’s description of same-sex marriage?
  • How do intersectional identities influence gay men’s experience of same-sex marriage?
  • How do occupational justice mechanisms, such as discrimination, microaggression, and stigma, influence the gay men’s experience of same-sex marriage?
  • How do gay men perceive that marriage has influenced their well-being?