Elias Gilman

Date of Award

Spring 2009

Document Type

Capstone Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



First Advisor

Rick Jobs

Second Advisor

Lisa Szefel


This study examines the issue of Arctic sovereignty and how Canada developed its policies therein as a response to U.S. challenges for control of the region both real and perceived. It examines these challenges, discerning how American provocations have shaped Canadian Arctic policy for over 130 years. This diverges from past treatments of Arctic sovereignty, which focused on issues including environmental concerns, national security, and indigenous groups' rights, rather than acknowledging the overriding importance of the American-Canadian relationship as the key feature underlying almost all of the significant actions undertaken by the Canadian government in determining its Arctic sovereignty.