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For detailed submission guidelines, please visit Information for Authors.

For peer review policies, please visit Information for Reviewers.

For copyright policies, please visit our page on Copyright.



Each submission to Health and Interprofessional Practice, and communication with editors and reviewers (as appropriate) must be made by the corresponding author. For submissions with multiple authors, the corresponding author must be vested with the right and responsibility to act on the behalf of all authors. However, all authors of a submission must take responsibility for the originality, legality and ethical nature of the submission prior to publication.

Health and Interprofessional Practice follows the ICMJE guidelines in regards to assigning authorship in a publication:

  • Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3.
  • When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript (3). These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship/contributorship defined above, and editors will ask these individuals to complete journal-specific author and conflict-of-interest disclosure forms. When submitting a manuscript authored by a group, the corresponding author should clearly indicate the preferred citation and identify all individual authors as well as the group name. Journals generally list other members of the group in the Acknowledgments. The NLM indexes the group name and the names of individuals the group has identified as being directly responsible for the manuscript; it also lists the names of collaborators if they are listed in Acknowledgments.
  • Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship.
  • All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed.
  • Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

The above criteria are reprinted from the ICMJE Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. The ICMJE has not endorsed nor approved the contents of this reprint. The official version of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals is located at www.ICMJE.org. Users should cite this official version when citing the document.

Ethics and Consent

For submissions that describe human subjects research, authors must indicate whether or not the research was reviewed by an appropriate institutional review board, as well as the final outcome of that review. For the purposes of the journal, research on human subjects is defined according to the Code of Federal Regulations:

(d) Research means a systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. Activities which meet this definition constitute research for purposes of this policy, whether or not they are conducted or supported under a program which is considered research for other purposes. For example, some demonstration and service programs may include research activities.

(f) Human subject means a living individual about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research obtains

  • (1) Data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or
  • (2) Identifiable private information.

Intervention includes both physical procedures by which data are gathered (for example, venipuncture) and manipulations of the subject or the subject's environment that are performed for research purposes. Interaction includes communication or interpersonal contact between investigator and subject. Private information includes information about behavior that occurs in a context in which an individual can reasonably expect that no observation or recording is taking place, and information which has been provided for specific purposes by an individual and which the individual can reasonably expect will not be made public (for example, a medical record). Private information must be individually identifiable (i.e., the identity of the subject is or may readily be ascertained by the investigator or associated with the information) in order for obtaining the information to constitute research involving human subjects. [45 CFR §46.102]

For submissions that include the use of protected health information (PHI) that is governed by the Privacy Rule (45 CFR §160 and §164), authors must indicate whether or not the research has been reviewed by an appropriate institutional review board or privacy board, as well as the final outcome of that review.

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Conflict of Interest

Prior to publication in Health and Interprofessional Practice, all authors of a submission are required to submit a Conflict of Interest form detailing any potential conflicts or competing interests.

Public trust in the peer-review process and the credibility of published articles depends in part on how well conflict of interest is handled during writing, peer review, and editorial decision making. Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author’s institution), reviewer, or editor has financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence (bias) his or her actions (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). These relationships vary from being negligible to having great potential for influencing judgment. Not all relationships represent true conflict of interest. On the other hand, the potential for conflict of interest can exist regardless of whether an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, and paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest and the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and of science itself. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.

All participants in the peer-review and publication process must disclose all relationships that could be viewed as potential conflicts of interest. Disclosure of such relationships is also important in connection with editorials and review articles, because it can be more difficult to detect bias in these types of publications than in reports of original research. Editors may use information disclosed in conflict-of-interest and financial-interest statements as a basis for editorial decisions. Editors should publish this information if they believe it is important in judging the manuscript.

The above guidelines are reprinted from the ICMJE Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. The ICMJE has not endorsed nor approved the contents of this reprint. The official version of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals is located at www.ICMJE.org. Users should cite this official version when citing the document.

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Attribution and Usage Policies

All articles, reviews and other works published in Health and Interprofessional Practice are be distributed by under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY). Under the terms of the CC-BY license, authors retain full ownership of the copyright for their work, but anyone is allowed to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, and/or copy the work in Health and Interprofessional Practice, as long as the original author(s) and source are properly cited. No permission is required from the author(s) or the publishers for such use. However, for any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the original license terms of this work.

If you believe that your work has been published on the Health and Interprofessional Practice website in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, or your intellectual property rights have otherwise been violated, please notify hip@pacificu.edu.

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User Privacy

Health and Interprofessional Practice takes the collection and use of your personal information very seriously. Part of our commitment to your personal privacy is reflected in the disclosure of how your information is used on the Health and Interprofessional Practice site. Use of your information will vary, depending on whether you are an Author, Reviewer or general Visitor to the site.

Health and Interprofessional Practice is published on a site maintained by Berkeley Electronic Press. In addition to the information provided below, use of personal information on this site is also governed by the Berkeley Electronic Press Privacy Policy (//www.bepress.com/privacy.html”>http://www.bepress.com/privacy.html).

Visitor Information

Vistors to the Health and Interprofessional Practice site are not required to reveal any personal information. Health and Interprofessional Practice utilizes Google AnalyticsTM to collect visitor domain information in order to track the usage of the site. This information does not include any individually identifiable data, and is used to measure the number of visits, average time spent on the site, the articles viewed, etc.

If you wish to subscribe to the Health and Interprofessional Practice mailing list, you will be required to provide your email address. Your address will not be shared, sold or otherwise revealed to any third party.

My Account

If you wish to make a submission to the journal, or participate in the editorial process as a reviewer, you will be required to open an “Account.”

In order to open an "Account" on the Health and Interprofessional Practice site and submit, or review, articles for publication on the Health and Interprofessional Practice site, you must (i) agree to these Terms of Use, (ii) agree to the Creative Commons Attribution License (applies only to authors), and (iii) provide any information required by Health and Interprofessional Practice during the registration process. You are responsible for maintaining the accuracy of this information and the security of your Account and password. Both Health and Interprofessional Practice and Pacific University cannot and will not be liable for any loss or damage from your failure to comply with this security obligation. You are also responsible for all activity that occurs under your Account (even when content is posted by others under your Account). You shall: (i) notify Health and Interprofessional Practice immediately of any unauthorized use of any password or Account or any other known or suspected breach of security; and (ii) report to Health and Interprofessional Practice immediately and use reasonable efforts to stop immediately any unauthorized activity that is known or suspected by you.

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Information on the Health and Interprofessional Practice Site is intended for use by practicing health professionals and health professions educators and is provided for informational and educational purposes only. Information on the Site should not be used independent of sound clinical judgment, peer consultation, additional evidence-based resources or patient/client preferences. Information on the Site should also not be used as a substitute for the advice of a qualified health care professional.

Clinical and educational practice change constantly, and materials on this Site may not represent the latest advances in either domain. Health and Interprofessional Practice and Pacific University are not responsible for the accuracy or reliability of any data or conclusions reported in materials on this Site. Authors of material posted on this Site are solely responsible for the accuracy, reliability and non-infringing nature of their work.

The views or opinions expressed on this Site are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of Health and Interprofessional Practice or Pacific University.

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Website Comments

Authors and visitors to the HIP website (http://commons.pacificu.edu/hip/) have the opportunity to comment or provide feedback on articles in this journal.

HIP has the right to decline or remove any comment made using the website's commenting feature at its sole discretion. Comments or similar posts will not be accepted if they appear to be offensive, defamatory, market products, contain negative content of a personal, ethnic, racial, sexual orientation or religious nature, may pose legal problems, are trivial, are not written in English, are poorly written, or are irrelevant to the scope or purpose of the journal. In addition, HIP will not accept comments or posts that imply a change in the use of preventive, clinical, or therapeutic interventions that are not evidence-based or supported through publication in other peer reviewed journals. Information related to individual patients will also not be accepted.

Individuals who submit comments or other similar posts to HIP are asked to disclose financial and non-financial competing interests as part of their comments. If uncertain as to whether you may have a competing interest, please feel free to contact the editors.

General Terms and Conditions of Use

Users of the Health and Interprofessional Practice website and/or software agree not to misuse the Health and Interprofessional Practice site or software in any way.

The failure of Health and Interprofessional Practice to exercise or enforce any right or provision in the policies or the Submission Agreement does not constitute a waiver of such right or provision. If any term of the Submission Agreement or these policies is found to be invalid, the parties nevertheless agree that the court should endeavor to give effect to the parties' intentions as reflected in the provision, and the other provisions of the Submission Agreement and these policies remain in full force and effect. These policies and the Submission Agreement constitute the entire agreement between Health and Interprofessional Practice and the Author(s) regarding submission of the Article.

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