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For detailed submission guidelines, please visit Information for Authors.

For peer review policies, please visit Information for Reviewers.

For copyright policies, please visit our page on Copyright.



Each submission to Interprofessional Optometry, and communication with editors and reviewers (as appropriate) must be made by the corresponding author. For submissions with multiple authors, the corresponding author must be vested with the right and responsibility to act on the behalf of all authors. However, all authors of a submission must take responsibility for the originality, legality and ethical nature of the submission prior to publication.

Interprofessional Optometry follows the ICMJE guidelines in regards to assigning authorship in a publication:

The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work he or she has done, an author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. In addition, authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors.

All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors.

The above criteria are reprinted from the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals. The ICMJE has not endorsed nor approved the contents of this reprint. The official version of the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals is located at www.ICMJE.org. Users should cite this official version when citing the document.

Ethics and Consent

For submissions that describe human subjects research, authors must indicate whether or not the research was reviewed by an appropriate institutional review board, as well as the final outcome of that review. For the purposes of the journal, research on human subjects is defined according to the Code of Federal Regulations:

(d) Research means a systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. Activities which meet this definition constitute research for purposes of this policy, whether or not they are conducted or supported under a program which is considered research for other purposes. For example, some demonstration and service programs may include research activities.

(f) Human subject means a living individual about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research obtains

  • (1) Data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or
  • (2) Identifiable private information.

Intervention includes both physical procedures by which data are gathered (for example, venipuncture) and manipulations of the subject or the subject's environment that are performed for research purposes. Interaction includes communication or interpersonal contact between investigator and subject. Private information includes information about behavior that occurs in a context in which an individual can reasonably expect that no observation or recording is taking place, and information which has been provided for specific purposes by an individual and which the individual can reasonably expect will not be made public (for example, a medical record). Private information must be individually identifiable (i.e., the identity of the subject is or may readily be ascertained by the investigator or associated with the information) in order for obtaining the information to constitute research involving human subjects. [45 CFR §46.102]

For submissions that include the use of protected health information (PHI) that is governed by the Privacy Rule (45 CFR §160 and §164), authors must indicate whether or not the research has been reviewed by an appropriate institutional review board or privacy board, as well as the final outcome of that review.

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Conflict of Interest

Prior to publication in Interprofessional Optometry, all authors of a submission are required to disclose any potential conflicts or competing interests.

Public trust in the scientific process and the credibility of published articles depend in part on how transparently conflicts of interest are handled during the planning, implementation, writing, peer review, editing, and publication of scientific work.

A conflict of interest exists when professional judgment concerning a primary interest (such as patients' welfare or the validity of research) may be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain). Perceptions of conflict of interest are as important as actual conflicts of interest.

Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership or options, honoraria, patents, and paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest and the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and of science itself. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships or rivalries, academic competition, and intellectual beliefs. Authors should avoid entering in to agreements with study sponsors, both for-profit and non-profit, that interfere with authors’ access to all of the study’s data or that interfere with their ability to analyze and interpret the data and to prepare and publish manuscripts independently when and where they choose.

The above guidelines are reprinted from the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals. The ICMJE has not endorsed nor approved the contents of this reprint. The official version of the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals is located at www.ICMJE.org. Users should cite this official version when citing the document.

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Attribution and Usage Policies

All articles, reviews and other works published in Interprofessional Optometry are be distributed by under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND) license. Under the terms of the CC-BY-NC-ND license, authors retain full ownership of the copyright for their work, but anyone is allowed to download, reuse, reprint, distribute, and/or copy the work in Interprofessional Optometry, as long as the original author(s) and source are properly cited, the user does not modify the work, and they do not use it commercially.

If you believe that your work has been published on the Interprofessional Optometry website in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, or your intellectual property rights have otherwise been violated, please notify copyright@pacificu.edu.

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User Privacy

Interprofessional Optometry takes the collection and use of your personal information very seriously. Part of our commitment to your personal privacy is reflected in the disclosure of how your information is used on the Interprofessional Optometry site. Use of your information will vary, depending on whether you are an Author, Reviewer or general Visitor to the site.

Interprofessional Optometry is published on a site maintained by Berkeley Electronic Press. In addition to the information provided below, use of personal information on this site is also governed by the Berkeley Electronic Press Privacy Policy (//www.bepress.com/privacy.html”>http://www.bepress.com/privacy.html).

Visitor Information

Vistors to the Interprofessional Optometry site are not required to reveal any personal information. Interprofessional Optometry utilizes Google AnalyticsTM to collect visitor domain information in order to track the usage of the site. This information does not include any individually identifiable data, and is used to measure the number of visits, average time spent on the site, the articles viewed, etc.

If you wish to subscribe to the Interprofessional Optometry mailing list, you will be required to provide your email address. Your address will not be shared, sold or otherwise revealed to any third party.

My Account

If you wish to make a submission to the journal, or participate in the editorial process as a reviewer, you will be required to open an “Account.”

In order to open an "Account" on the Interprofessional Optometry site and submit, or review, articles for publication on the Interprofessional Optometry site, you must (i) agree to these Terms of Use, (ii) agree to the Creative Commons Attribution License (applies only to authors), and (iii) provide any information required by Interprofessional Optometry during the registration process. You are responsible for maintaining the accuracy of this information and the security of your Account and password. Both Interprofessional Optometry and Pacific University cannot and will not be liable for any loss or damage from your failure to comply with this security obligation. You are also responsible for all activity that occurs under your Account (even when content is posted by others under your Account). You shall: (i) notify Interprofessional Optometry immediately of any unauthorized use of any password or Account or any other known or suspected breach of security; and (ii) report to Interprofessional Optometry immediately and use reasonable efforts to stop immediately any unauthorized activity that is known or suspected by you.

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Information on the Interprofessional Optometry Site is intended for use by practicing health professionals and health professions educators and is provided for informational and educational purposes only. Information on the Site should not be used independent of sound clinical judgment, peer consultation, additional evidence-based resources or patient/client preferences. Information on the Site should also not be used as a substitute for the advice of a qualified health care professional.

Clinical and educational practice change constantly, and materials on this Site may not represent the latest advances in either domain. Interprofessional Optometry and Pacific University are not responsible for the accuracy or reliability of any data or conclusions reported in materials on this Site. Authors of material posted on this Site are solely responsible for the accuracy, reliability and non-infringing nature of their work.

The views or opinions expressed on this Site are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of Interprofessional Optometry or Pacific University.

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Website Comments

Authors and visitors to the IO website (http://commons.pacificu.edu/IO/) have the opportunity to comment or provide feedback on articles in this journal.

HIP has the right to decline or remove any comment made using the website's commenting feature at its sole discretion. Comments or similar posts will not be accepted if they appear to be offensive, defamatory, market products, contain negative content of a personal, ethnic, racial, sexual orientation or religious nature, may pose legal problems, are trivial, are not written in English, are poorly written, or are irrelevant to the scope or purpose of the journal. In addition, HIP will not accept comments or posts that imply a change in the use of preventive, clinical, or therapeutic interventions that are not evidence-based or supported through publication in other peer reviewed journals. Information related to individual patients will also not be accepted.

Individuals who submit comments or other similar posts to IO are asked to disclose financial and non-financial competing interests as part of their comments. If uncertain as to whether you may have a competing interest, please feel free to contact the editors.

General Terms and Conditions of Use

Users of the Interprofessional Optometry website and/or software agree not to misuse the Interprofessional Optometry site or software in any way.

The failure of Interprofessional Optometry to exercise or enforce any right or provision in the policies or the Submission Agreement does not constitute a waiver of such right or provision. If any term of the Submission Agreement or these policies is found to be invalid, the parties nevertheless agree that the court should endeavor to give effect to the parties' intentions as reflected in the provision, and the other provisions of the Submission Agreement and these policies remain in full force and effect. These policies and the Submission Agreement constitute the entire agreement between Interprofessional Optometry and the Author(s) regarding submission of the Article.

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