Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Vision Science

Committee Chair

Denise Goodwin


Retinoscopy is a widely used objective method of finding a patient's refractive error, but many students and beginning clinicians find it challenging to learn. Even with a thorough explanation, students can still have difficulty visualizing what they should see during retinoscopy. Having only a vague idea of what retinal reflexes look like can make their first experiences with retinoscopy frustrating and challenging. This nine-minute video was created to show students what actual retinal reflexes look like. It shows'examples of with, against, and neutral reflexes, as well as how to neutralize with and against motions. Astigmatic and dilated reflexes are also shown. We feel the video would make a great teaching aid for instructors to use in lectures and for students to review individually.

Included in

Optometry Commons