Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Vision Science

Committee Chair

Norman Stern


The purpose of this investigation was to survey all major league baseball teams to determine how prevalent visual training is among these organizations. Of the twenty-six teams, twenty-one responded (81%) to the questionnaire. Two organizations are currently using a visual training program, two had a program and discontinued it, fourteen had never had a program, and three teams failed to provide information about the visual training program. Ten of the responding teams did not even have a visual consultant. The paper also defines certain visual abilities and provides evidence that these abilities are trainable, relates these abilities to their use in athletics, and cites instances where optometrists are consultants to athletic teams.

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