Date of Award

Spring 1986

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Vision Science

Committee Chair

Alan W. Reichow


Normative data were collected for eye-hand skills of 182 subjects, both athletes and non-athletes, using the Monark America EyeSpan instrument, an eye-hand coordination testing and training device. Athletes ranged in age from 18 to 26 years, and non-athletes from 20 to 36 years. All subjects were tested using two modes of the instrument, a subject controlled mode (mode A) and an instrument controlled mode (mode B). The number of correct visually guided eye-hand responses in 60 seconds were recorded for each mode. Comparing two factors, athleticism and gender to EyeSpan score, the two-way ANOVA showed that the primary factor in determining EyeSpan score was athleticism, the secondary factor was gender. The interaction between athleticism and gender on EyeSpan performance, was only significant in the instrument controlled mode. Athletes performed significantly better compared to non-athletes in both mode A and B (p < .01). Likewise, male athletes and non-athletes, show significantly higher scores than do female athletes and non-athletes (p < .05). No significant differences were found between male football and baseball college athletes, or between female volleyball and softball college athletes.

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Optometry Commons