Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Vision Science

Committee Chair

Bradley Coffey, O.D.


This research article presents clinical norms for the MKM Monocular and Binocular Reading Test, a stereoscope card test of nearpoint binocular coordination. 108 students in grades two, four, and six were screened. Of these, 93 were tested and normative data were established for monocular and binocular reading speed and errors for each grade level. The results reveal the presence of a developmental trend with older students demonstrating significantly faster scores with fewer errors. Binocular performance on the test was slower than monocular at all grade levels.

Included in

Optometry Commons