Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Vision Science

Committee Chair

William Ludlam


The growing incidence of child abuse and the laws in all fifty states mandating it be reported, along with the fact that approximately 40% of all physically abused children have ocular complications, make it increasingly important for optometrists to be prepared for an encounter with a child patient who has been abused. This review of the literature was undertaken to develop a diagnostic guide for the optometrist. It describes different types of abuse and their physical, emotional and behavioral manifestations. A special emphasis has been placed on head trauma and associated ocular signs. A list of State Child Protective Services Agencies and how to contact them is included.

Included in

Optometry Commons