Date of Award
Master of Science in Vision Science
This study was designed to investigate the influence of oculomotor posture (fixation disparity and/or heterophoria) on a visuomotor task, golf putting. Although studies have shown that inducing changes in heterophoia at distances <1 meter causes errors in distance judgements, previous studies which have considered only naturally occuring fixation disparity and heterophoria have not been able to demonstrate a relationship between direction and/or magnitude of fixation disparity (or heterophoria) and spatial judgement errors as measured by golf putting error. The subject sample of 62 participants consisted of 36% amateur golfers, 11% club pros and 53% LPGA tour pros. Following measurement of the subjects' oculomotor status, each subject attemped 6 putts with no auditory or visual feedback. Results indicate subjects with a higher magnitude and/or greater instability of fixation disparity were less successful in task performance. Although oculomotor measures are not predictors of left-right and long-short putting errors, we found they may be predictors of the golfers ability to consistently aim accurately and therefore make less endpoint putting errors.
Mathison, Tamara K. and Viker, Melissa S., "Oculomotor considerations in golf putting consistency" (1990). College of Optometry. 927.