Publication Date


Clinical Question

What is the effectiveness of the individual placement and support (IPS) model of vocational services compared with other methods of vocational rehabilitation for adults with severe mental illness?

Clinical Bottom Line

The results of an evidence-based literature review reveal that occupational therapy practitioners should consider the use of individual placement and support (IPS) over other models of vocational rehabilitation in helping most individuals with SMI obtain and maintain competitive employment. It is important to note, however, that it is critical for the occupational therapist to determine what type of employment the client prefers, as the IPS model focuses solely on securing jobs within typical, competitive work environments and may not be appropriate for use with individuals who prefer sheltered workshops.