Critically Appraised Topic
Current numbers reflect that 1-4 in 200 children and adolescents are affected by Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) (Ginsburg et al., 2011). Symptoms like persistent obsessions, unwanted thoughts, compulsions and actions cause this disorder to impact functioning in multiple areas. Because occupational therapists have expertise in assisting client’s with maintaining healthy habits and routines, this profession should be considered when treating youth with OCD. Since most clinical OCD trials are done on adults, there is a large gap in evidence on what interventions are effective in children and adolescents (Ginsburg et al., 2011). The purpose of this CAT is to determine what interventions are effective in treating children and adolescents with OCD.
What interventions are being used for the treatment of children and adolescents diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder?
Clinical Bottom Line
Evidence from research indicates that CBT and pharmacological therapy are effective treatments to address symptoms of OCD in youth. Also, studies have found that educating and including parent/caregivers in therapy can have a positive impact on a youth’s success. This CAT aims to understand how an occupational therapist could combine these elements into treatment.
Harrington, Michael, "Effective interventions in treating the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents" (2011). Pediatrics CATs. 14.