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Clinical Question

Does participation in activity reduce agitation associated with dementia and indirectly reduce caregiver burden better than medications alone?

Clinical Bottom Line

Nonpharmacological interventions (especially those that are activity-based and individually-designed) can have a significant effect on the reduction of negative behaviors exhibited by people with dementia, regardless of the presence or absence of medications. Intervention in dementia care supports viewing the caregiver as a co-client since so much of his or her life is intertwined with the client’s life. Viewing treatment goals for the caregiver has some evidence that shows effectiveness in improving care.


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