Publication Date


Clinical Question

Will the addition of Self-chosen/or relaxation music (between 60 – 80 beats per minute) as an intervention for people experiencing invasive/ uncomfortable medical procedure reduce the patients perceived pain and anxiety levels as well as lead to a decrease in analgesic use which can help speed recovery.

Clinical Bottom Line

There is evidence to support the use of music as an intervention is emerging from the need for less invasive sensory interventions that can reduce the perceived pain, anxiety, and analgesic use for people undergoing invasive medical procedures. No adverse affects related to the intervention of music were found in the articles reviewed. This combined with ease of administration and its low-cost demonstrate the benefit of incorporating the intervention into typical hospital procedure.