Off-campus Pacific University users: To download campus access theses and dissertations, please log into our proxy server with your PUNet ID and password.

Non-Pacific University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis or dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Theses or dissertations that have a specific embargo period indicated below will not be available to anyone until the date indicated.

Date of Award


Degree Type

Thesis (On-Campus Access Only)

Degree Name

Master of Physical Therapy (MPT)

First Advisor

Nancy Cicirello, MPH, PT

Second Advisor

John Medeiros, PhD, PT


Two subjects with myelomeningocele participated in an eight week activity program to determine if changes would occur in upper extremity strength, cardiovascular endurance, and self-esteem. Each subjects served as their own control for a four week period and attended an eight week activity program once a week. The program consisted of warm-up, aerobic, upper extremity strengthening, and cool-down periods. Self-esteem was measured via the hare Self-Esteem Scale (HSS). Upper extremity strength measurements were taken with a hand-held dynamometer. Cardio vascular endurance was measured by recording resting heart rate, exercise heart rate, and the total distance ambulated in a 12-minute period. All measures were taken before and after the four week control period and after the physical activity period. The results indicated a great deal of variability within and between the subjects, and measures obtained in the control period were too variable to establish a true control period. Consequently, no conclusions can be drawn from this study. However, the investigator, the subjects and their families thought the program was a success in providing an outlet for socialization and physical activity, and that there is a need for organized fitness programs for children with disabilities.


The digital version of this project is currently unavailable to off-campus users not affiliated with Pacific University; however, it may be accessed on campus or through interlibrary loan (for eligible borrowers) from Pacific University Library. Pacific University Library is a free lender.