Off-campus Pacific University users: To download campus access theses and dissertations, please log into our proxy server with your PUNet ID and password.

Non-Pacific University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis or dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Theses or dissertations that have a specific embargo period indicated below will not be available to anyone until the date indicated.

Date of Award


Degree Type

Thesis (On-Campus Access Only)

Degree Name

Master of Physical Therapy (MPT)

First Advisor

Alta J Hansen, PhD, PT

Second Advisor

Ann K Williams, PhD, PT


To determine the effects of shin pad placement on peak torque and reported comfort with knee flexion and extension a cross-over design was utilized. Two groups of 30 individuals tested either quadriceps or hamstring muscle groups on the Cybex 340. Unidirectional concentric maximal contractions with the shin pad placed anteriorly and posteriorly on the lower leg were performed at 60 and 120 degrees/second with the subjects seated. Peak torque was derived as art average of the test repetitions computed by the Cybex 340. Comfort was assessed via a rank order question. Conclusions: (a) hamstring posterior shin pad placement results (as opposed to anterior placement) showed significant difference (p = .05) with the t-test in peak torque at 60 degrees/second; (b) assessment of reported comfort (anterior versus posterior pad placement) was insignificant; (c) no significant correlation was found between peak torque and professed degree of comfort.


The digital version of this project is currently unavailable to off-campus users not affiliated with Pacific University; however, it may be accessed on campus or through interlibrary loan (for eligible borrowers) from Pacific University Library. Pacific University Library is a free lender.