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Date of Award


Degree Type

Thesis (On-Campus Access Only)

Degree Name

Master of Science in Physical Therapy

First Advisor

Daiva Banaitis Ph.D., P.T.

Second Advisor

Darlene Wingfield M.P.A., P.T.


The purpose of this study was to analyze what differences, if any occur between different exercise groups of active seniors. Healthy men and women subjects ranging in age from 54 to 82 years of age were randomly selected from an active senior population. Individuals that answered that they exercised in a formal group (FG) were placed into group number 1 (n=23) and individuals that indicated that they did not exercise in a formal group (NFG) were placed into group number 2 (n=33). Subjects in both groups were evaluated for bilateral shoulder, hip and knee active range of motion (A.R.O.M). Grip strength of dominant arm was recorded and heart rate (H.R.), respiration, and: blood pressure (B/P) were recorded following a three minute, one mile per hour treadmill exercise program. The study . results showed no significant relationships between individuals in the F.G. subjectively knowing their vital signs such as H.R., B/P. and training heart rate (T.H.R.). The t-test also showed no significant values between the two groups when compared together. Right shoulder A.R.O.M was p=.076, Left shoulder A.R.O.M was p=.83, resting SIP p= .80, resting H.R. p=.76, resting respiration p= .86 and grip strength was p=.40. The analysis of variance showed that differences existed within groups when frequency of exercise and resting H.R. were matched (p=.016), but this has been supported by past studies. In conclusion, based on this study it can be said that exercise is beneficial to the senior population and it does not appear to matter if you exercise with a group or individually.


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