Off-campus Pacific University users: To download campus access theses and dissertations, please log into our proxy server with your PUNet ID and password.

Non-Pacific University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis or dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Theses or dissertations that have a specific embargo period indicated below will not be available to anyone until the date indicated.

Date of Award


Degree Type

Capstone Project (On-Campus Access Only)

Degree Name

Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT)

First Advisor

Nancy Cicirello PT, MPH, EdD


Treatment for female urinary incontinence involving physical therapy demonstrated the greatest improvements in quality of life, while pharmaceutical interventions had the greatest effect in reducing incontinence episode frequency. Due to the correlation found between improvements in quality of life and reduction in incontinence episode frequency, it is recommended that interventions for female urinary incontinence include a combination of physical therapy and pharmaceuticals to achieve optimal patient results.


The digital version of this project is currently unavailable to off-campus users not affiliated with Pacific University; however, it may be accessed on campus or through interlibrary loan (for eligible borrowers) from Pacific University Library. Pacific University Library is a free lender.