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Date of Award


Degree Type

Capstone Project (On-Campus Access Only)

Degree Name

Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT)

First Advisor

Daiva A. Banaitis, PhD, PT

Second Advisor

John Medeiros, PhD, PT


Background and purpose. Many studies have been done to look at sport specific muscle development for a variety of sports such as football, baseball, hockey, and soccer. However, there has been little to no research geared towards equestrian athletes. This study was designed to provide a baseline of hip adductor and abductor muscle strength for English hunter/jumper riders and Western riders, as well as to compare the adductor: abductor strength ratio of these different styles of riders to each other and to a non-rider control group.

Methods. Sixty subjects were divided into three groups including English hunter/jumper riders (E-R), Western riders (W-R), and nonriders (N-R) acting as the control group. Hip adductor and abductor strength was measured for each leg using a stabilized hand-held dynamometer. Body weight was also collected. Comparisons were made between the adductors and abductors of each group as well as the ratio of adductors to abductors.

Results. There was a significant increase (p < 0.05) in the left hip adductor muscles as a percentage of body weight in both rider groups. A significant increase in add:abd ratio also occurred in both rider groups compared to the non-riders.

Conclusion and Discussion. A greater increase in hip adductor strength and add:abd ratio occurs in both English and Western riders on the left lower extremity more than the right. This difference in one leg versus the other can be


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