Off-campus Pacific University users: To download campus access theses and dissertations, please log into our proxy server with your PUNet ID and password.

Non-Pacific University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis or dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Theses or dissertations that have a specific embargo period indicated below will not be available to anyone until the date indicated.

Date of Award


Degree Type

Dissertation (On-Campus Access Only)

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)


The focus of this paper will be on women and achievement. Achievement related issues are to be understood as intrapsychic ally tied to identity. The awareness of a "self' is seen as central to how one actively uses herself in the world. Achievement, therefore, involves the definition of a "self' and is closely tied to the process of identity formation. The intrapsychic components become important in describing the emergence of an "achieving self." Recent literature on the developmental sequence, especially as it relates to women, is crucial to an understanding of achievement related difficulties in women. The developmental literature, in addition to recent contributions from object relations theory, self psychology, and psychoanalytic theory (oedipal considerations) are seen as important theoretical underpinnings for an understanding of the intrapsychic contributions to difficulties with achievement. The plan here will be to (1) review a range of theoretical constructs. (2) A link will be made between theory and clinical practice. The underlying question throughout this presentation was: What specific theoretical contributions involving an intrapsychic perspective have advanced understandings and the clinical treatment of women with achievement related difficulties?