Date of Award
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
Genevieve L. Y. Arnaut, Psy.D., Ph.D.
Michelle R. Guyton, Ph.D., ABPP
Female sexual offender research is behind male sexual offender research by approximately 20 years (Cortoni, 2010). Research on development of assessment tools used to measure the risk of any criminal recidivism by female sexual offenders is even more limited than in other areas, with only two published studies to date on risk factors related to recidivism (Freeman & Sandler, 2008; Sandler & Freeman, 2009). The purpose of the current study was to explore characteristics of female sexual offender recidivists and nonrecidivists, assess the predictive accuracy for female sexual offenders of a risk-assessment tool developed for use with male sexual offenders (the Static-99R), and explore the relationship of static risk factors with recidivism for female sexual offenders. A total of 60 female sexual offenders from the Portland, Oregon, metropolitan area were included. Results indicated differences in education, relationship of the victim, and sex of the victim among sexual recidivists, nonsexual violent recidivists, nonsexual and nonviolent recidivists, and nonrecidivists. The predictive accuracy of the Static-99R for general and violent recidivism showed no significant differences. Furthermore, none of the 10 factors of the Static-99R were related to general or nonsexual violent recidivism. Findings indicated that education level could be an important difference among the groups and that it should be explored as a risk factor. Additionally, the Static-99R is not recommended for prediction of general or violent recidivism for female sexual offenders. Replication of this study with a larger sample is recommended to validate the findings.
Mowrer, Shawna M. (2013). The Static-99R and static risk factors as predictors of recidivism for female sexual offenders (Doctoral dissertation, Pacific University). Retrieved from: