Off-campus Pacific University users: To download campus access theses and dissertations, please log into our proxy server with your PUNet ID and password.

Non-Pacific University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis or dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Theses or dissertations that have a specific embargo period indicated below will not be available to anyone until the date indicated.

Date of Award


Degree Type

Dissertation (On-Campus Access Only)

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

Committee Chair

Jon Frew, Ph.D., ABPP

Second Advisor

Genevieve Arnaut, PsyD, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Michel Hersen, Ph.D., ABPP


The focus of this study is on religious and/or spiritual assessment within a framework of multiculturally-competent clinical practice. Forty psychology training clinic directors (TCDs) affiliated with APA-approved degree programs·completed an online survey about clinic policies regarding religious/spiritual diversity, perceived attitudes and beliefs regarding religious/spiritual assessment within clinical practice, and the extent to which student trainees are instructed to inquire about their clients' religious and/spiritual concerns, beliefs, or practices as a part of initial intake assessments. Although it was hypothesized that directors from religiously affiliated and non-religiously-affiliated clinics would acknowledge the importance of religion and/or spirituality in clients' lives in written policies, very few TCDs indicated having policies addressing this topic. Also, due to the small sample size, it was not possible to compare intake procedures at religiously affiliated and secular clinics. Included is a summary of reported attitudes and beliefs about religious/spiritual assessment at intake and in clinical practice generally. Finally, the possible reasons the hypotheses were not supported, the strengths and limitations of the current study, the educational and clinical implications of the results, and suggestions for future research are discussed.


The digital version of this project is currently unavailable to off-campus users; however, it may be requested via interlibrary loan by eligible borrowers from Pacific University Library. Pacific University Library is a free lender. (Library Use: NL)