Shoulder impingement syndrome may be the most common and most important shoulder condition referred to physical therapy by the orthopedic surgeon because partial or full-thickness tears of the supraspinatus may result if the condition is mistreated or left untreated. As physical therapists, it is our job to rehabilitate patients referred with impingement symptoms to the best of our ability. In order to give the best possible treatment, a clear understanding of anatomy, patient responses, surgical procedures, and expected outcomes is necessary. Basing our treatments on established protocols and improving our practice based on new evidence is the cornerstone of our profession. The most recent surgical and clinical diagnoses, current incidence, Neer's original definitions of shoulder impingement, a review of shoulder girdle anatomy, and new treatment options are included in this review of current research regarding shoulder impingement syndrome.
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