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Thesis

The link between juvenile delinquency and visual problems

19 May 2001

Abstract

Research has shown that juvenile delinquents exhibit a high prevalence of visual dysfunction. There is also a strong literature base on the social behavior problems is this same population. The aim of this thesis is to examine the hypothesis that there is an association between disruptive classroom behavior in middle school age "at risk" students and visual dysfunction. 70 socially "at risk" juveniles were screened with a visual battery consisting of: refractive status, eye movement skills, near-far focusing ability, form discrimination, and eye health. The Child Behavior Checklist was utilized to establish child behavior profiles. Relative risk factors were evident with refractive disorders, binocular dysfunction, eye motility, and form discrimination. However, the associations did not yield statistically significant correlations between certain problematic behaviors and visual difficulties.


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