A retrospective review for diabetes was performed on 1,055 randomly selected patient records, of which 122 records were diabetic patients, at an urban optometric clinic. The purpose of this retrospective study was to create a profile of diabetic patients that may aid health care professionals in identifying eye health risk factors in patients, allowing for early detection of ocular pathology and prevention of blindness. Several factors including age, ethnicity, family history, accompanying ocular and systemic conditions, prevalence of diabetic retinopathy, and clinical care provided were analyzed. The following trends were noted using frequency histogram analysis: Over 95% of diabetic patients had Type 2 diabetes; the Latino population had a higher prevalence of diabetes up to age forty; after age forty, Latinos and African Americans showed an equal prevalence of diabetes; maternal and sibling family history showed the greatest association with diabetes; hypertension had the strongest systemic association with diabetes, followed by heart disease and high cholesterol; cataracts displayed the highest ocular association; medication other than insulin was the most utilized form of diabetes control; the average reported glucose reading was 178 mg/dl, while the average measured in-office reading was 207 mg/dl; the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy proved to be inversely related to the severity of the retinopathy.
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