The literature on Mexican-Americans’ Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use for general wellness and mental health suggests a tendency to use CAM for physical, psychological and spiritual concerns or a combination of both as defined in the culturally bound syndromes. However, the literature contains methodological issues that make it difficult to draw clear conclusions about the patterns of CAM utilization among this population. Forty-one articles from PubMed, PsychINFO, and AltHealthWatch about Mexican-Americans and CAM demonstrated lack of consensus on the modalities considered Hispanic-specific and mainstream CAM, poorly defined samples, and conflicting results about predictors of CAM use such as ethnicity, acculturation, SES, medical insurance status and coverage, and education.. More rigorous and culturally relevant research methods, with well defined Hispanic-specific and mainstream CAM are needed to study the use pattern of CAM by Mexican-Americans. Considerations for future research are listed.
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