Purpose An investigation into the relationship between head movements while reading and visual dysfunction in children. This study was designed as an attempt to validate commonly held optometric beliefs that visual symptoms can manifest as head tilts, head movements, or heads positioned close to reading material. Methods Head movements were tracked with a webcam while 5th and 6th grade students, ages 10 and 11, were reading for fifteen minutes. Head movement behaviors were then compared to their vision screening results and a teacher observation checklist filled out by their classroom teachers. Results A total of 24 subjects participated in the study to completion. Although, subjectively head movement differences were noted between subjects, objectively no statistically significant correlations were found between head movements, vision data, or the teacher observation checklist. Discussion The lack of literature in the area of head movements while reading and a child’s visual system may be in part due to the difficulty of analyzing such behaviors objectively and habitually at the same time, or alternatively because no such correlation is present in the overwhelming majority of students.
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