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Dissertation

Effect of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on Self-Compassion, Satisfaction with Life, and Mindfulness

20 July 2011

Abstract

Growing evidence supports the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders, however, comparatively few studies have examined the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on positive variables such as mindfulness, self-compassion, and life satisfaction (Hofmann, Sawyer, Witt, & Oh, 2010; Chiesa & Serretti, 2010). This dissertation used a quasi-experimental design to examine the effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT; Segal & Teasdale, 2002) on 21 psychology graduate students. The correlations between mindfulness, self-compassion, and satisfaction with life were also examined. Outcome measures include Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS-Brown & Ryan, 2003), Five Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ, Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS, Neff, 2003a), and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985). Contrary to expectation, the results indicate no statistically significant differences between MBCT and control group on any of the outcome variables. Additional analyses indicated that the common humanity factor of self-compassion was significantly correlated with life satisfaction. Mindfulness and self-compassion also demonstrated positive significant correlations.


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