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Simultaneous quantum-state measurements using array detection

1 January 2001

Abstract

We have simultaneously measured the quantum states of two different spatial modes of the same optical beam by performing quantum-state tomography with an array detector. Both modes are well described by coherent states, but the projection of the signal onto the local oscillator mode contains a mean of 0.09 photons, while a more complicated mode has a mean of 4.3 photons. This demonstrates that for this particular mode the effective detection efficiency when using array detection is over 40 times greater than when using single detectors.


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